Poaching and trade of wildlife is a serious threat to the survival of many species and recently become more organized too. Its demand has increased and the traders have a more sophisticated system for transporting consignments. Nepal–both transit and source point for wildlife poachers and traders from Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) of China, Nepal and India. Red panda hides, Pangolin scales, Tiger parts, Rhino horn, Musk deer pod, Bear bile, and other wildlife contraband entering international markets.
Despite the provision of a stiff penalty of up to NRs 100,000 or imprisonment of up to 15 years in jail and both, wildlife crimes befalling in Nepal. One on hand, Nepal is celebrating zero poaching for Rhinos; however, on the other hand, the large scale seizures of wildlife body parts in different parts of the country. So as to curb down the trade, Greenhood Nepal is monitoring illegal wildlife trade in Nepal and some of the key routes to China and India.
We are using social science to understand drivers of poaching and the factors that motivate community people to participate in the different level of illegal wildlife trade. Understanding behaviour and incentives of IWT participants helping us to design and implement community-based programs.
Further, we are developing awareness materials; pictorials, PSA, short movies and conducting outreach programs sensitizing transportation stakeholders and local communities, media and conservation stakeholders. We are also supporting capacity building of enforcement agencies by organizing the workshop in some of the most active IWT routes and in Nepal-China border region.